*Japanese holly

Stacks Image 66

Japanese holly is the dark-green shrub in foreground.

*Ilex crenata
JAPANESE HOLLY

Aquifoliaceae
E. Asia

Location: map coordinates Q-23 (southwest corner of Delaware Hall). (This tree not yet marked with a yellow dot on interactive map)
N 39°11'7'' W 75°32'35''

Planting history: presently unknown.

Description:
  • evergreen shrub
  • etymology: Ilex from the Latin name for holm oak/holly oak (Quercus ilex); crenata = crenate, with rounded teeth
  • leaves dark green, glossy, small (ca 0.4”-1” long), serrate (toothed) along margins; dense
  • polygamo-dioecious (separate male and female trees, with some perfect flowers); flowers small, whitish
  • fruit black berry-like drupe (stone fruit), usually hidden below the leaves; in September/October
  • commonly-planted ornamental, especially in hedges and borders
  • prefers full sun to part-shade
  • native to eastern Asia, including Japan
  • cultivated and occasionally escapes to woodlands, in New Castle County piedmont, Delaware

*Non-native species (not native to Delaware); on the Invasive Watchlist for Delaware

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