Persimmon

Stacks Image 66
Stacks Image 51
Diospyros virginiana
PERSIMMON

Ebenaceae
S.E. North America

Location: map coordinates K-11 (west of Conwell Hall). (This tree not yet marked with a yellow dot on interactive map)
N 39°11'13'' W 75°32'45''

Planting history: planted 5/6/10. Source: Willey Farms, DE. (Dr. S. Yost, USDA NIFA Capacity Building Grant funds).

Description:
  • deciduous tree
  • etymology: Diospyros from Greek dios = divine, and pyros = wheat (referring to the edible fruit); virginiana = of Virginia
  • leaf simple, alternate, 3”-6” long
  • trees usually dioecious (separate male and female trees), but sometimes both male and female flowers on same tree. Flowers yellowish-green, 0.4” wide
  • fruits round, yellowish-brown, usually 0.8-1.5” diameter; soft and sweet when ripe. If not fully ripe, notably astringent (causes mouth to pucker); said to be less astringent after a frost, but this is probably more a matter of timing and ripeness. A valuable food for wildlife, including birds and raccoons
  • bark distinctive; dark, thick and broken into small square blocks
  • wood hard, strong and heavy, but inferior for lumber; in the Ebony family
  • prefers full sun
  • mostly a southern tree; natural range north to southern Connecticut

Native species, State Rank S5 (very common in Delaware)



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