**Shingle oak

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This shingle oak was planted ca 1969 (east of the Washington Building; map coordinates S-13).

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This shingle oak is a State Record tree, the second largest of its species in Delaware
(map coordinates O-13; east of Baker Building).

**Quercus imbricaria
SHINGLE OAK

Fagaceae
E. North America

Locations: map coordinates:
O-13 (east of Baker Building), N 39°11'9'' W 75°32'43''; and
S-13 (east of Washington Building), N 39°11'7'' W 75°32'44''

Planting history:
O-13 probably planted by Dr. N. Dill, 1960’s-1970’s, this tree is a State Record tree (second-largest shingle oak in Delaware, 2011).
S-13 planted by Dr. U. Washington and Dr. N. Dill, ca 1969.

Description:
  • large deciduous tree
  • etymology: Quercus = the Latin name; imbricaria from Latin imbrex = tile, wood was used for roof tiles
  • the common name is derived from the former use of the wood to make shingles
  • leaves simple, alternate; without lobes or teeth (unusual for our oaks); shiny above, densely hairy beneath
  • monoecious (separate male and female flowers on same tree); flowers tiny; male flowers in drooping catkins, female flowers inconspicuous
  • fruit is an acorn (develops from ovary of female flower)
  • in the “red/black oak group”: leaf lobe with bristle-tip (single, terminal bristle-tip in this species); acorn matures in 2 years, relatively bitter and inedible unless processed
  • end buds clustered (typical of oaks)
  • mostly mid-Western; native in mountains and piedmont from Pennsylvania and south
  • cultivated species, escaping to fields in Delaware

**Adventive species (not native to Delaware, but native to N. America and now growing wild in Delaware) in New Castle County piedmont
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    There are 2 labeled shingle oak trees.
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