Chinquapin

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Castanea pumila
CHINQUAPIN

Fagaceae
S.E. North America

Location: map coordinates L-11 (near west side of Conwell Hall)
N 39°11'12'' W 75°32'43''

Planting history: planted November 2010. Source: Go Native Tree Farm, PA. (Dr. S. Yost, USDA NIFA Capacity Building Grant funds).

Description:
  • deciduous shrub (to small tree)
  • etymology: Castanea from Latin name Castania; pumila from Latin for small, dwarf
  • leaves simple, toothed; white-wooly underneath
  • monoecious (separate male and female flowers on same plant); flowers tiny, unisexual; male flowers in catkins
  • nuts edible, sweet; one small roundish nut, ca 1/2 “ wide, inside a spiny husk
  • can spread by root suckers
  • widespread in SE USA, mostly in dry mountain woods

Native species, State Rank S3 (uncommon, but not of conservation concern, yet) on Delaware

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